This case study aims to show how the Government can work together with the private sector to increase exports of certain agricultural products by improving the supply chain efficiency. This case shows how the Government, private sector, producers associations and middle men all play an important role in the increase of trade of agricultural products in developing countries.
A series of in-depth case studies drawn from countries all over the world are available for download. Select from one of the many case studies or for mode specific case studies, please navigate to your chosen mode and you will see related case studies in the right hand column.
Although India produces a lot of iron ore, export is not meeting the demand from China due to infrastructure bottlenecks, especially in ports and rail. This case study aims to show how the Government can improve export by developing dedicated infrastructure on a public private partnership basis. It also shows how a pro-active investment policy ahead of demand can reduce logistic costs and increase a sector’s competitiveness.
This case study shows the policy measures taken in India to overcome infrastructure bottlenecks in the transport of petroleum products and to increase safety. It also highlights how the private sector can contribute to the realization of the required projects. It highlights that pipelines are a safe, convenient, reliable and environment friendly mode of transport for liquid bulks.
This case study illustrates the problems that can arise around ports, such as inadequate parking facilities, congestion and last mile connectivity issues and sharing of berth facilities. At the same time, the Government of India had as a policy objective to make India the location of choice for design and manufacture of car and car components. One of the policy measures implemented for this purpose was to create dedicated terminals outside of the congested existing ports and create better connectivity to existing ports.
This case study illustrates how the priorities of privately owned rail operators can hurt the interest of farmers in a given region because of limited freight quantity. A private corporation and Washington State decided to jointly develop a cold-storage facility designed to support the distribution fresh fruits and vegetables, agricultural inputs to improve supply chains efficiency. The case study shows that the stakeholders should work together to implement this kind of project, and it is an example of how this kind of project can be made profitable for the private sector to invest in.
This case study shows how technology can be applied to reduce the cost of truck registration and inspection for motor carriers and federal and state agencies in case of cross-border transport. It shows that technology can help improve safety and productivity; that standards are key to success; that motor carries only participate if the system saves them money; and that Public-Private Partnerships can be used to deploy such a technology system.
This case study aims to show how rail connectivity can contribute to rural economic development and regional competitiveness. It also illustrates that financial risk sharing between government and potential beneficiaries and sharing of responsibilities between public and private sector entities increase the chance to success of the rail development project since it ensures commitment of all parties.
This case study illustrates which measures can be taken to reduce logistic costs and environmental impact of freight transport. Measures include: order optimization, energy efficiency, consolidation network of center point facilities and improved packaging design. Lessons to be learned from this case study are that major companies have a cost incentive to become more energy efficient and reduce waste in the supply chain and that changes to supply chain efficiency requires involvement from suppliers as well as retailers.
This case study aims to share best practices from one of the world’s leaders in logistic service provision. Best practices include optimization and coordination of networks, co-dependency between strategic partners is key to success, a sophisticated, integrated ICT infrastructure is indispensable, back loading is key to profitability.
This case study shows how supply chain performance can be improved by centrally organizing and bundling the transport from a large number of vegetable growers to central transport hubs and onwards.
This case study reflects on the institutional framework that can contribute to increasing the competitive position of a country’s logistic services sector. It also highlights that cooperation between public and private sectors is required.
This case study aims to provide best practices and disseminate lessons learned on HIV/Aids prevention and basic treatment along transport corridors and at border crossings in particular. It addresses international cooperation between governments of the countries sharing the corridor as well as between NGO’s and IFI’s.
This case study aims to show that freight transport may have a significant burden on a countries’ infrastructure. It shows how adequate pricing mechanisms allow to collect money that can be invested in infrastructure maintenance and it shows that a pricing mechanism can be applied to stimulate the modal shift from roads to rail and inland waterways.
This case study presents the executive summary of the report on institutional arrangement for transport corridor management in Sub-Saharan Africa. It shows the lessons learned in this study of existing corridor management arrangements and provides recommendations on a three-tier corridor management institution comprising a stakeholder group, a core group and a secretariat. It also reflects on funding mechanisms and competition between corridors.
This case study presents some of the interim results of a review of good practices in the inland waterways (IWT) sector. It shows that improving the reputation of the IWT sector is the key to success. The role and importance of sector organizations and cooperation is highlighted.
This case study introduces the handbook on Transport Planning prepared on behalf of the European Commission. The handbook was prepared to assist in transport modeling, forecasting, modeling software, planning and project appraisal. The handbook is also a useful tool in training transport planning staff.
This case study describes why human resources need to be further developed in the countries on the transport corridor Europe – Caucasus-Asia. It gives an overview of training provided to various stakeholder groups. The training allowed a more coordinated approach to transport planning and exchange of information between various national transport authorities.
This case study shows how best practices can be shared between several developing countries, in this case with regards to the role of inland waterway transport. The case study also highlights a number of successful policy measures in the several countries.
This case study introduces the national plan for logistics and transport in Brazil. The plan aims to increase the role of rail and inland waterways and includes the creation of a strategic policy department overarching the functional divisions of the several modes of freight transport. The case study also highlights the use of Strategic Environmental Evaluation as a tool to prioritize transport investment projects taking into consideration social and environmental costs and benefits.
The case study shows how different national governments and private businesses collaborate to improve the cross border transport by creation of the Maputo Development Corridor. This includes agreement on border procedures, visa requirements but also more competitive transport rates, additional transport capacity, information systems. Key success factor is that local stakeholders are supporting and participating in the initiative. Public Private Partnerships are encouraged.
This case study addresses the logistic problems an archipelagic country faces. It describes how Indonesia is improving its logistics system based on audits of the existing system. The recommended policy measures are highlighted. In particular transport planning was introduced to support the Ministry of Trade to increase the country’s competitiveness.
China wishes to decrease the negative environmental impact of inland waterway transport. Main objectives are to decrease the impact of low quality vessels on water through safety management. The case study shows how co-operation and exchange of best practices between countries can lead to possible technological solutions like a spill detection system, green vessels and River Information System (RIS). The Chinese Academy of Transport Sciences studies the possibilities of a national fund for oil spill damage, furthermore, the Yangtze River will be developed as a green waterway.
The Council for Scientific and Industrial Research publishes annual State of Logistics Reports providing insight in the interrelation between economic development and freight transport. This case study presents the methodology used for the survey, it also presents results of composition of logistics costs and figures on modal split.
This case study introduces the concept of small subsidies (State Aid) and how these subsidies can stimulate the upgrade a country’s vessels safety and efficiency or a country’s logistic sector efficiency through for instance training of staff of the sector.
This case study shows how and institutional framework of international cooperation can increase efficiency of inland waterways transport. The most innovative aspect of the Sava Commission is that it has the mandate to make decisions in the field of navigation which concern all four Sava riparian countries. All recommendations given by the Sava commission should be adopted by all four governments.
Be-Logic aims to improve the quality and efficiency within and across different modes of transport, by means of benchmarking in logistics and co-modality. This case study presents lessons learned from Poland. It shows the policy objectives regarding co-modality and the relevant policy measures.
India’s consumption and exports of Polymers have been adversely affected due to infrastructure bottlenecks, the prominent being transport related and energy. The issues were addressed through development of development of a Multi-modal Transport System, National Highways Development Programme by the National Highways Authority of India and Ports on Public-Private-Partnership basis.
India is the second largest producer of horticulture products. However, wastage is very high due to lack of cold storage facilities and exports are lagging behind because of the high logistic costs. A study was undertaken to promote exports of agro products, other measures include the National Highways Development Project, development of container terminals and licensing of companies other than Container Corporation of India to transport containers on rail, leading to reduced transportation costs.
This case study aims to show green growth initiatives for the freight and logistics system in Korea. It describes policies and technologies provided by the government to achieve green growth. Furthermore it provides suggestions for further improvement.
This case study aims to show the recent developments in the air transport sector in Africa. It focuses on the implementation of the Yamoussoukro Decision the objectives of the decision are full-liberalization of the intra-African air transport market, free exercise of first, second, third, fourth and fifth freedom rights for passenger and freight air services by eligible airlines; ensure fair competition on a non-discriminatory basis; compliance with international safety standards. The case study explains why the policy was necessary, the goals and its impact. Furthermore it provides policy recommendations.
This case study aims to show what freight transport related challenges policy makers in metropolitan areas are facing. It shows that interaction and cooperation within the institutional framework is very important and that a complex institutional framework jeopardizes good governance. The case study describes institutional challenges, environmental challenges and infrastructure related challenges. It also summarizes a number policy measures that could potentially improve the situation in Mexico city.
The case of the Panama Canal Authority illustrates how concrete actions to improve efficiency, reliability and profitability in the operation of the Panama Canal have led to measurable results. It aims also to show how strengthening the competitive position of the Canal can actually maximize the impact its success will have on economic development in Panama.
This case study aims to show recent developments and initiatives made in Jordan to support economic growth and to alleviate the congestion and bottlenecks in the urban area of Amman. It focuses on projects that have been undertaken in the road, rail and air sector.