Labor Toolkit


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Alexander, Ian, and Timothy Irwin. 1997.
“Price Caps, Rate-of-Return Regulation, Risk and the Cost of Capital.”
In The Private Sector on Infrastructure: Strategy, Regulation, and Risk, pp. 33–34. Washington, DC: The World Bank Group.

AusInfo. 1998.
“Work Arrangement in Container Stevedoring, Research Report.”
Productivity Commission, AusInfo, Canberra, Australia.

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Baird, Dr. Alfred J. 1999.
“Port Privatisation, Objectives, Extent, Process, and the United Kingdom Experience.”
Napier University, Edinburgh, 4th World Port Privatisation Conference, London, 22–24 September 1999.

Behrendt, D. K., and W. Thomson. 1997.
“Port Ownership: Public Responsibility or Private Enterprise.”
Ports and Harbors (October.)

Benichou, I., and D. Corchia. 1996.
“Le Financement de Projects.”
Editions ESKA.

Brodie, Peter. 1997.
Dictionary of Shipping Terms, Third Edition.

Burns, Phil, and Antonio Eustache. 1999.
Infrastructure Concessions, Information Flows, and Regulatory Risk. Washington, DC: The World Bank Group.

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Cass, S. 1996.
Port Privatization: Process, Players and Progress.
Cargo System IIR Publications Ltd.

Chance, Clifford. 1991.
“Project Finance.”

Chapon, J. 1998.
“Réflexion pour une politique portuaire européenne.”

Chapon, J.
“Partenariats public/privé en matière portuaire.”
Conférence CIMER 98, Saint Denis de La Réunion. 1999. Published in Transports No. 394 (March–April).

Cohen, E., and C. Henry. 1997.
Service public , Secteur public.
Conseil d’Analyse Economique, La documentation Française.

Couper, A. D. 1986.
“New Cargo Handling Techniques: Implications for Port Employment and Skills.” ILO.

Courtot, H. 1998.
“La gestion des risques dans les projects.”

Cullinane and Khanna.
Journal of Transport Economics and Policy.

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Denoix De Saint Marc, R. 1996.
Le service public.
Rapport au Premier Ministre, Collection des rapports officiels, La documentation Française.

Drewry Shipping Consultants Ltd. 2005.
Annual Review of Global Container Terminal Operators – 2005. Drewry House: London.

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Economic Review, Vol. 13.

“Gestion and analyze financière, Suivi financier des contrats long terme.” module.

Euro News. 1997.
“Engineering Consultants: Where Would Europe Be Without Them?”
Special edition, No. 27, Project Financing, EFCA (September).

European Union. 1997.
“Sea Ports and Maritime Infrastructure.”
Green Paper COM (97) 678 final, 10 December.

European Union. 1998.
“Fair Payment for Infrastructure Use: A Phased Approach to a Common Transport Infrastructure Charging Framework in the EU.”
White Paper, 22.07.1998 COM  466 Final, Brussels.

Eustache, Antonio. 1999.
"Privatization and Regulation of Transport Infrastructure in the 1990s: Successes...and Bugs to Fix for the Next Millennium, p. 28. Washington, DC: World Bank.

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Flora, J., and S. Holste. 1994.
“Public/Private Partnerships: Roadway Concessions.”
Transport Division, World Bank.

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Green, Richard, and Martin Rodriguez Pardina. 1999.
“Resetting Price Controls for Privatized Utilities: Manual for Regulators.”
Economic Development Institute, World Bank, Washington, DC.

Guislain, Pierre. 1997.
The Privatization Challenge: A Strategic, Legal, and Institutional Analysis of International Experience.
Washington, DC: World Bank.

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Heinrich, Michael. 1999.
“Port Efficiency—The Public-Private Partnership.” (Port of Hamburg) World Ports Development, p.16.

Holocher, Dr. Klaus Harald. 1990.
Port Management Textbook, Volume 1. Bremen.

Hummels, D., D. Rapoport, and K. Yi. 1998.
“Vertical Specialization and the Changing Nature of World Trade.”
FRBNY Economic Policy Review June: 92.

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IAPH (International Association of Ports and Harbors). 1999.
Institutional Survey.

ILO (International Labour Organization). 1998.
“The ILO’s Response to the Financial Crisis in East and South-East Asia.”
Technical paper for the ILO’s High Level Tripartite Meeting on Social Responses to the Financial Crisis in East and South East Asia Countries, Bangkok, Thailand, April 22–24, 1998.
Web site: public/english/region/asro/ bangkok/download/ crisis/gb274.pdf.

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Juhel, M. H. 1999.
“Global Challenges for Ports and Terminals in the New Era.” Ports and Harbors (March).

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Kent, P. E., and A. Hochstein. 1998.
“Port Reform and Privatization in Conditions of Limited Competition: The Experience in Columbia, Costa Rica, and Nicaragua.”
Journal of Maritime Policy and Management 25 (4): 313–333.

Kerf, M., R. David Gray, T. Irwin, C. Levesque, and R. Taylor. 1998.
“Concessions for Infrastructure—A Guide to Their Design and Award.” Technical Paper No. 399, World Bank, Washington, DC. (This publication can be ordered from the World Bank.)

Kerf, Michel, and Warrick Smith. 1996.
“Privatizing Africa’s Infrastructure: Promise and Challenge.”
Technical Paper No. 337, World Bank, Washington, DC.

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Martinand, C.
“L’expérience FranÇaise du Financement Privé des Equipements Publics.” Economica.

Martinand, C.
“Politiques de transport.” ENPC Module.

McCallum, Elizabeth. 1999.
“Privatising Ports: A Legal Perspective.”
Privatisation International November, pp. 53–55.

McDonagh, Stephen. 1999.
Port Development International.

Monpert, J. Y. 1998.
“Le contexte des privatization and les acteurs: motivations and attentes des opérateurs—
le point de vue de SAGA / ­BOLLORE.” AFD Conference, 19/10/98.

Mountford, R. 1997.
“Financing the Development of Ports.”
Ports and Harbors (November).

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Nevitt, P. K., and F. Fabozzi. 1995.
Project Financing (sixth edition). Euromoney Publications.

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Orsini, J. A. 1995.
“L’appréciation des risques inhérents au projet.”
Paper presented at Le montage des Financements de Projects Seminar, Management Global Information (November).

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Peters, H. J., and M. Juhel.
“Changing Role and Functions of Ports: Addressing the Reform Agenda.”
TWUTD, World Bank, Washington DC.

PDI (Port Development International). 1994.
“A Private Affair.”
Privatization supplement, PdI (September).

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Rama, Martin. 1999.
“Public Sector Downsizing: An Introduction.” World Bank.

Ratheaux, O. 1996.
“Options de gestion des ports maritimes, Cas des ports africains.”
AFD Rezenthel, R. 1996.
“Les régimes portuaires dans le monde.” NPI, 30 December.

Rezenthel, R. 1996.
“Les régimes portuaires and le droit de la concurrence.”
NPI, 30 December.

Rezenthel, R. 1997.
“Les concessions portuaires.”
Gazette du palais (September).

Rezenthel, R. 1998.
“La délégation de service public and les concessions portuaires - Doctrine.” DMF 583 (June).

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Saundry, Richard and Peter Turnbull. 1997.
Private profit, public loss: The Financial and economic performance of U.K. ports.
Maritime Policy Management 24(4): 319.

Shaw, N., K. Gwilliam, and L. S. Thompson. 1996.
“Concessions in Transport.”
TWUTD, World Bank, Washington, DC.

Shaw, William, and Thompson. 1996.
“Concessions in Transport.” TWU Papers, Discussion Paper, World Bank, Washington, DC.

Smagghe, J. 1999.
“L’évolution institutionnelle des ports.”
Colloque Africa Port 2000, Lomé (January)

“Major issues in transport and communication: Concepts and Guidelines for the Implementation of the Commercialization and Privatization of Ports.”
Ports and Harbors (April).

“Major issues in transport, communication, tourism and infrastructure ­development: Commercialization and Private sector Involvement in Ports.”
Ports and Harbors (November)

“Les financements internationaux d’infrastructure: la fiscalité des BOT.”
Les ECHOS 12 May.

Smith, Warrick. 1997.
“Utility Regulators—The Independence Debate”
In The Private Sector on Infrastructure: Strategy, Regulation, and Risk, September, Washington, DC: World Bank.

“Terminal velocity.” Containerization International June, p. 95.

Stoffaës, C. 1995.
Services publics, question d’avenir. 
Rapport de la commission du Commissariat Général du Plan, Editions Odile Jacob/ La Documentation Française.

Sullivan, Eric.
1996. The Main Encyclopedic Dictionary, Fifth Edition.

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Trujillo, Lourdes, and Gustavo Nombela. 1999.
“Privatization and Regulation of the Seaport Industry.”
Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria Dpto.
Anilisis Economico Aplicado 35017 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (Spain), December, p. 21.

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UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development). 1984.
Handbook for Port Planners in Developing Countries. UNCTAD.

UNCTAD. 1995.
“Comparative Experiences with Privatization: Policy Insights and Lessons Learned.” UNCTAD: New York and Geneva.
Web site: dp22_2122 /chap5.PDF.

UNCTAD. 1998.
Guidelines for Port Authorities and Governments on the Privatization of Port Facilities. UNCTAD/SDTE/TIB/1.

UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development). 1998.
Review of Maritime Transport.
UNCTAD RMT 98/1: New York and Geneva.

UNCTAD. 2005.
Review of Maritime Transport.
UNCTAD/RMT: New York and Geneva, 2005,

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Williams, Mark Lloyd, Bill Jamieson, and Norton Rose. 1999.
“BOT Schemes and Port Development.” World Ports Development, p. 20.

World Bank. 1992.
Port Development Strategies for Asia, Phase 1.
National Ports and Waterways Institute, Louisiana State University.

World Bank. 1996.
Infrastructure Delivery: Private Initiative and the Public Good, Washington, DC: World Bank Economic Development Institute.

World Bank. 1996.
Sustainable Transport: Priorities for Policy Reform. Washington, DC: World Bank.

World Bank. 1997.
Toolkits for Private Participation in Water and Sanitation,
Module 1: Selecting an Option for Private Sector Participation. Washington, DC: World Bank.

World Bank Group.
“Procurement for Private Infrastructure Projects.”
World Bank Group, Washington, DC.


How To Use The Toolkit


Framework for Port Reform

The Evolution of Ports in a Competitive World

Alternative Port Management Structures and Ownership Models

Legal Tools for Port Reform

Financial Implications of Port Reform

Port Regulation:
Overseeing the Economic Public Interest in Ports

Labor Reform and Related Social Issues

Implementing Port Reform


Download Modules as PDF Documents




Additional Materials

Web Sites