Labor Toolkit

Web Sites

Hint: should you click on a link and discover that the page can't be found, it may be that the web site has been modified, and the web page address has been changed. Try deleting the last part of the web address, i.e. the portion following the last forward slash "/" and click on refresh or reload in the top bar of your browser's window. That will take you "one level up" in the web site directory and you may find there what you are looking for. If that doesn't work, try going to the home page, as there may be a search engine that can help you locate the information you are looking for

AFRICAN FORUM FOR UTILITY REGULATION (AFUR) (Potential source of shared benchmarking information, to assist in assessing the size and scope of labor adjustment).

AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF PORT AUTHORITIES, the alliance of leading ports in the Western Hemisphere, protects and advances the common interests of its diverse members as they connect their communities with the global transportation system.

ARBITRATION AND CONCILIATION ADVISORY SERVICE, UNITED KINGDOM (This UK government site offers downloads and publications on handling redundancy and labor relations.)

ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK (ADB) (Publications and reports on resettlement and mitigation of social impacts of restructuring. The ADB also publishes utility data books for the water and electricity industries in Asia, which may be useful for comparing labor benchmarks.)

EUROPEAN DATABASE OF BUSINESS INCUBATORS (Site provides access to information on incubators in 28 European countries, case studies, benchmarking information, and a database of nearly 950 business incubators.)

EUROPEAN SEA PORTS ORGANIZATION The mission of the ESPO is to influence public policy in the EU to achieve a safe, efficient and environmentally sustainable European port sector, operating as a key element of a transport industry where free and undistorted market conditions prevail, as far as practicable.

FEDERATION OF EUROPEAN PRIVATE PORT OPERATORS (FEPORT) (FEPORT) was founded on January 13 1993, uniting national and regional representative associations of private port operators in the EU.

INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF PORTS AND HARBORS   (IAPH)  is a worldwide association founded in 1955 and based in TOKYO. It is sometimes referred as the "United Ports of the World" in which players in the port community are represented to promote and advance the common interest of their community.


INTERNATIONAL MARITIME ORGANIZATION  (IMO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations dealing with maritime affairs. IMO is devoted to the improvement of maritime safety and the prevention of marine pollution. SOLAS (International Convention on Safety of Life at Sea) and MARPOL (International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships) are among the most known international conventions promoted by this organization.


Some international trade union organisations and affiliates are:

NATIONAL BUSINESS INCUBATOR ASSOCIATION (NBIA) (This site provides information about this organization's publications on business incubation and annual conferences. NBIA includes materials and experiences from developing as well as industrial countries.)

OECD (ORGANIZATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT). (The OECD site provides information on engagement between government and citizens, and guidelines for multinational enterprises).

PERMANENT INTERNATIONAL ASOCIATION OF NAVIGATION CONGRESSES (PIANC) is a worldwide non-political and non-profit making technical and scientific organization of private individuals, corporations and national governments. The term 'Navigation' was adopted because PIANC's object is to promote the maintenance and operation of both inland and maritime navigation by fostering progress in the planning, design, construction, improvement, maintenance and operation of inland and maritime waterways and ports and of coastal areas for general use in industrialized and industrializing countries. Facilities for fisheries, sport and recreational navigation are included in PIANC's activities. PIANC was founded in 1885 and is the oldest international association concerned with these technical aspects of navigation.

PORT MANAGEMENT ASSOCIATION OF EASTERN AND SOUTHERN AFRICA (PMAESA) is a non-profit making, non-governmental and non-political organisation of port authorities in the Eastern and Southern Africa region. Membership of PMAESA ranges from to Sudan in the North to Namibia in South-West Africa, including the Indian Ocean islands and some land-locked countries. PMAESA was established in July 1973 under the auspices of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA).

http://http:/ (PMAWCA) is an inter-governmental sub-regional economic grouping created in 1972 by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA). Officials from 9 (nine) member ports and the Executive Secretary of the ECA attended the historic meeting and appended their signatures on the first version of the Association's Constitution.

PPIAF (PUBLIC-PRIVATE INFRASTRUCTURE ADVISORY FACILITY) (Site provides access to other PPIAF Toolkits, as well as information about PPIAF and about how governments and other agencies can access PPIAF resources to accelerate infrastructure development.)

TRAINMAR (Information on the TRAINMAR networks in South and Central America and on the implementation of the PDP in Latin America).

UNITED NATIONAL ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMISSION FOR LATIN AMERICA AND CARRIBEAN (ECLAC), which is headquartered in Santiago, Chile, is one of the five regional commissions of the United Nations. It was founded for the purposes of contributing to the economic development of Latin America, coordinating actions directed towards this end, and reinforcing economic relationships among the countries and with the other nations of the world.

THE UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT (UNCTAD) Established in 1964, UNCTAD promotes the development-friendly integration of developing countries into the world economy.

UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMISSION FOR ASIA AND PACIFICA (ESCAP) is the regional arm of the United Nations Secretariat for the Asian and Pacific region and is located in the United Nations Building, RatchadamnoenNok Avenue, Bangkok, Thailand



WORLD SHIPPING COUNCIL The World Shipping Council is an association representing the liner shipping industry. Our member lines operate more than 90 percent of the industry's vessel tonnage serving America's foreign commerce.


How To Use The Toolkit


Framework for Port Reform

The Evolution of Ports in a Competitive World

Alternative Port Management Structures and Ownership Models

Legal Tools for Port Reform

Financial Implications of Port Reform

Port Regulation:
Overseeing the Economic Public Interest in Ports

Labor Reform and Related Social Issues

Implementing Port Reform


Download Modules as PDF Documents




Additional Materials

Web Sites